For years and years, Kazakh national garments had been rational and simple

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For years and years, Kazakh national garments had been rational and simple

It had been described as typical kinds for many portions for the populace, however with a specific social and age laws. Elegance and breathtaking elements to dresses had been written by fur trim, embroidery, jewelry. Conventional materials when it comes to garments had been fabric, fur, thin felt, fabric, that has been created by the population that is local. Clothing sewn from brought in materials – silk, brocade, velvet, had been a type or form of measure of wealthiness of these owners. Cotton has also been widely used. Kazakhs have actually constantly valued animal skins and furs as sewing product. Coats, or so named Tons, had been sewed from animal skins, and fur coats, such as for example Shash had been sewed from furred pets, which were completely ideal for climate conditions in Kazakh Steppes. Outerwear was prepared from skins and furs of wild and domestic pets, in line with the names of which, garments had been called: Zh anat tone – a layer of raccoon fur, Kara tulki ton – of a fox that is black, Kamshat boryk – a beaver cap, Bota ton – a coat from camel skin, Zhargak tone – from a foal skin, etc. Numerous types of clothes were produced from felt. Predominantly coat that is white employed for its manufacturing, and slim fur from sheep’s throat had been considered specially valuable.

Nationwide clothing of Kazakh ladies

A Kazakh girl usually wore a gown having a waistcoat. Generally speaking, outerwear of females had been much like compared to males: similar coats, waistcoats, gowns, wide leather-based belts, it differed from guys’s just in tints plus some design details.

Headwear of Kazakh females, just like a number of other nationalities, has also been a type or nice of indicator of these marital status. Headwear of married ladies differed in numerous tribal teams, but girls’ headwear ended up being comparatively comparable through the entire territory of Kazakhstan. Girls utilized to put on caps of 2 types: skull limit (Takiya) and a hat that is warmBorik), embellished with otter, fox or beaver fur. A tuft of owl feather ended up being usually sewed into the top of takiya for design purposes, that also played a task of a talisman. Gimp, tassels, silver embroidery and also silver coins had been additionally utilized for decoration.

Kazakh ladies’ national bridal headwear Saukele, which can be a top (70 cm) conical cap, is of specific importance (see pic. From the left). The absolute most costly of those had been examined in one hundred chosen horses. Saukele had been a mandatory element of girl’s dowry, and ended up being ready a long time before girls reached the chronilogical age of wedding, along with a wedding gown, that was usually manufactured from costly textile, frequently red coloured. Bride had been likely to wear a saukele throughout the marriage ceremony, then it had been used on vacations for many right time following the wedding.

Saukele is embellished by steel fishnet tops, tiara (sometimes manufactured from silver with inlays of semiprecious rocks or strings of pearls, corals, etc. ), temple pendants and chin designs. Saukele cone is covered with fabric, that was sewed by metal badges of various designs, into bezels of which valuable and semiprecious rocks are placed. An extensive ribbon of high priced material, embellished with fringes of silver thread, ended up being additionally connected to the back of saukele, which transpired to cover part of the rear of a woman. Compulsory supplement to saukele is really a suspension that is long called zhaktau, that is attached with it from both edges, attaining the waistline of a lady. Probably the most skilled craftsmen participated in saukele manufacturing: cutters, embroiderers, jewellers, whom used the moulding, embossing, stamping, etc. Through the procedure of production. It took per year or higher to get ready one saukele that is such.

A woman put a headwear of a married woman on (see pic. On the right), which was worn until her old ages with the birth of the first child. The important points of the differ just a little with regards to the chronilogical age of girl and area she arrived from. This headwear contains two components: the underside – kimeshek used regarding the mind, therefore the top – by means of a turban, wound over the part that is bottom of headwear. Both components had been created from white textile. These kinds of headwear are donned by older women even now.

Nationwide clothing of Kazakh guys

Kazakh guys utilized to put on skullcaps that are differenttakiya), summer and cold temperatures caps. Summer cap – kalpak ended up being sewed from thin felt, mostly white, along with a particular ancient cut. Borik and tymak had been worn in cold temperatures. Tymak is a winter that is warm with earflaps and throat flaps produced from fox, that will be popular among Kazakh men even nowadays. Bashlyk is yet another headwear that is national made from camel cloth, that has been said to be used in addition to other caps, to guard from dirt, sunlight, rainfall and snowfall.

Guys’s clothes consisted for the following components: Double under vest (zheyde), reduced jeans – made from light textile as well as the top – of cloth, suede, sheepskin or cotton fabric that is thick. Through the very early ages, as soon as the Kazakhs utilized to go riding, pants had been an essential and part that is important of clothes. The type that is main of clothing had been shapan, some sort of robe.

In old times guys’s and women’s footwear had been additionally similar, though girls’ boots were usually decorated with embroidery and work that is applique. Footwear differed relating to seasons. For instance, wintertime shoes had been high, broad-shafted, worn on the felt stockings. Additionally there have been differences when considering footwear of older and more youthful people. Teenagers usually wore shoes with a high heels (up to 6 – 8 cm), seniors – with low heels. Another type that is common of among Kazakhs had been light shoes without heels, tight fitting on legs, called ichigi or masi. Leather kebis had been worn over them, that was said to be defer in the entry towards the household.


A great number of different designs – great applications, spots were utilized on clothing, headwear, footwear. Carnelian, coral, pearl, pearl, colored cup had been utilized to enhance gold, silver, copper, bronze jewelry of females. Earrings, wrought and flat bracelets and bands were excessively breathtaking. Bands dependent on their old-fashioned kinds have actually particular names, such as for example a Bird’s beak band. Belts – a compulsory part of both male and female clothes – had been embellished particularly: it had been ornamented with embroidery; silver badges had been sewn about it.

Kinds of jewelry often depended on age, social and marital status of these whom wore them. Many of them had been typical for many territorial teams.

Individuals clothes is continually being targeted by fashion developers, developers. Contemporary clothing, made out of motives that are national is definitely initial and unique.

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